Pattern of Laryngeal Tumor in Jordan

Haitham Al-Odat, Mohannad Al-Qudah

Abstract


Objective: To describe the clinical, histological, and epidemiological characteristics of patients diagnosed with Laryngeal tumor in our hospital over a period of 5 years.

Methods: A descriptive retrospective study was conducted on all cases of laryngeal neoplasm diagnosed at Department of Otolaryngology, King Abdullah University Hospital, Irbid, Jordan. Cases were studied regarding the variables of sex, age, alcohol use, smoking, presenting symptoms, location and stage.

Result: There were 21 cases, 19 males and 2 females, with the mean age of 66 (range from 46-104), 90% of them were smokers and none were alcoholic. Hoarseness of voice was the most common presenting symptom. In 62% of patients, the supraglottic area was the primary site and in 38% of them it was the glottic area.17 patients presented as late stage with 3 patients who had distant metastasis. Squamous cell carcinoma was the predominant identified histolopathology type and reported in 95% of cases.

Conclusion: Laryngeal tumor is uncommon in our area, with most of the cases being elderly males presenting at advanced stage. Primary prevention of this tumor must be addressed through the control of tobacco smoking and early detection and evaluation.

Keywords


Larynx, Tumor, Squamous cell carcinoma

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