Measurement of the Carrying Angle in Jordanians with Respect to Different Body Parameters

Mohammed Z. Allouh, Ramada R. Khasawneh

Abstract


The carrying angle is defined as the angle made by the long axes of the arm and fore arm in the coronal plane when the forearm is fully extended and supinated. This angle is important in the management of fractures and surgeries that occur around the elbow joint. The present study aimed to investigate the carrying angle variations in a Jordanian population with respect to several body parameters including age, sex, height, weight, and dominant side. The study included students and employees from the Jordan University of Science and Technology and younger students from elementary public schools in Jordan. The supplementary carrying angles (SCAs) of these volunteers were measured using a universal manual goniometer. SCA is the acute angle that complement carrying angle to 180. The results indicate that SCA increased significantly after 10 years of age. The SCA was greater in Jordanian women than in the men. However, no variation in SCA was found with respect to height and weight in the Jordanians. Furthermore, the SCA was significantly greater in the dominant side. In conclusion, age, sex, and handedness were important factors that influenced the carrying angle in our Jordanian study samples. However, height and weight did not seem to have any influence on the values in our study.

Keywords


Dominant side, Elbow, Jordan, Supplementary carrying angle.

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