Development of the Arabic Version of the Performance Assessment of Self-Care Skills

Razan Hamed, Hashem Abu Tariah, Majd Jarrar, Margo B. Holm


Objective: The lack of standardized valid and reliable functional assessment tools in the Arab region is intensely alarming. This shortage urges healthcare professionals in the rehabilitation field, namely occupational therapists, to develop adapt or translate robust instruments to ensure the best patient care. The purpose of this study was to describe the development process of the Arabic version of the Performance Assessment of Self-Care Skills.

Methods: The development process took place in three steps. The first step involved excluding items that were not culturally relevant to the Arab culture. The second step involved translating the original version of the assessment tool from English to Arabic using the World Health Organization forward-backward translation protocol. The last step involved adding culturally-relevant functional activities commonly performed by patients in the Jordanian/Arab community.

Results: Five items were excluded from the original tool before translating the tool to Arabic. Also, five items that were culturally-relevant were added to the Arabic version of the tool.

Conclusion: The Arabic version of the Performance Assessment of Self-Care Skills is the first Arabic performance-based instrument measuring functional independence for a wide majority of patients. We expect the tool to have a broad clinical utility not only in Jordan or Arabic countries but also for immigrants and citizens of Arab origins worldwide.


Occupational Therapy, Functional Independence, Rehabilitation, Arabs.

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