Poisoning in Jordan: Analysis of Three Year Data from Jordan National Drug and Poison Information Center

Nathir M. Obeidat, Reem F. Abutayeh, Kamal A. Hadidi

Abstract


Objectives: This study aims at analyzing the patterns of poisoning cases reported to the Jordan National
Drug and Poison Information Center and emphasizes the roles and challenges faced by the center from a
practical perspective.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of a three year period 2006- 2008 was conducted
depending on the data collected by the center.
Results: Analysis of data shows that a total of 914 inquiries were received by the center during the study
period. More than 90% of the enquiries were from health care providers and 3.6% from the public that
included victims and victims' relatives. The exposed population age ranged from less than 1 year to 80
years, with the highest incidence in children less or equal to 5 years (34.9%). The most common reason
of poisoning was unintentional (49.39%), followed by suicidal attempts (23.94%). The highest incidence
of poisoning was due to drugs which accounted for more than 42% of all exposures, where
acetaminophen products were responsible for most of the cases within this category (13.4%).
Conclusion: The poisoning features in Jordan reflect mostly the incidences of poisoning within
Amman- the capital of Jordan- in addition to other major cities in the country. Yet the center seeks more
perception from the public, support from healthcare providers and verification from related
governmental parties, which will enable the center to fulfill its duties according to international
standards.

Keywords


Poisoning, Information, Jordan.

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