The Use of Mammography among Jordanian Women: Findings from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2007

Jamal Almasad, Abdullah A. Awidi, Adel Belbeisi, Diana Massad


Introduction: This study aims to provide a national estimate of the rate of utilization of mammography among Jordanian women aged 35 years and above and the impact of the different variables affecting this utilization.

Methods: Data were derived from the Risk Factor Surveillance Survey conducted in 2007, focusing on all women aged 35 years and above with a total of 1161. Dependant variables were mammography utilization, while Predictor variables were; age, marital status, education, income, medical insurance, medical service providers, residency and health status as perceived by the respondents. Appropriate analysis was used to assess the relationships between these variables.

Results: Only 12.5% had mammography. Utilization increased with increasing age, level of education and with the higher income level. Non-insured and those who obtained medical service through the private sector had more utilization. Women in good health who are residing in the middle part of the country showed higher rates of mammography.

Conclusion: This national study has demonstrated underutilization of mammography. It provides basic data for future studies. Initiating a national program for screening helps to find out measures to facilitate utilization of mammography as easy access and reduced cost. Improvement of income, education level and insurance will positively influence mammography utilization.


breast, cancer, screening, mammography, Jordan

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