Review of Imaging of the Parathyroid Glance in Health and Disease (Review Articles)

Azmy M. Al-Hadidy, Maher T. Hadidi, Abedallatif A. Alsharif, Khaled A. Hamada, Emad S. Tarawneh


Primary hyperparathyroidism is usually caused by a single parathyroid adenoma and it is progressively diagnosed worldwide. The recent advancement of imaging techniques changed the surgical approach of primary hyperparathyroidism patients, from wide traditional bilateral neck exploration to limited neck exploration. Pre-operative imaging is vital in localizing ectopic adenoma to lucid the map before surgical resection. The manuscript at hand is a comprehensive review of the primary hyperparathyroidism covering anatomical, physiological and pathophysiological basics, to the most recent imaging modalities and their respective tasks in patient management.


Primary hyperparathyroidism imaging, Nuclear Imaging, Ultrasound, Computed Tomography and M R Imaging

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