Measuring the Psychometric Properties of the Arabic Version of DCL Scale to Measure Work-Related Stress among Jordanian Nurses

Lourance Al Hadid, Marwa Al Barmawi, Jamal Qaddumi, Ahmed Al-Sagarat, Lorna Moxham


Background: Nursing role is instrumental to effective patient care, but the level and standards of
clinical practice can be affected by stress. Work-related stress among nurses working in mental health
units in Jordan has not been investigated using an instrument in Arabic.
Aim: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Arabic version of the Devilliers, Carson, and Leary
(DCL) Stress Scale when used on Jordanian mental health nurses.
Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional design was used on a convenience, non-probability sample of
Jordanian 99 nurses working in three public hospitals.
Results: The Arabic version of the DCL demonstrated acceptable levels of validity and reliability when
it was used on mental health nurses working in units caring for psychiatric patients Jordan.
Conclusions: A reliable and valid instrument that is useful in determining levels of stress in nursing
staff. Another facet of findings in this study is to the empirical evidence on the presence of high stress
among mental health nurses, which should be taken into consideration among health care planners in
mental health in Jordan. Therefore, nurse managers can use these findings to implement actions
necessary to alleviate work-related stress among nurses in order to improve retention and decrease the
negative impact of stress on nurses’ wellbeing.


Mental Health, Nurses, DCL Scale, Jordan, Work-Related Stress

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