The Surrah al-Sultaniyah Sent to Jerusalem. A Documentary Study of Surrah Notebook 219 for 1137 A.H. / 1724 A.D.

Asma Jadallah Khasawnah

Abstract


This study reveals the financial allocations known as the Surrah al-Sultaniyah or the Surrah al-Rumiyah, sent by the Ottoman Empire in 1137 AH / 1724 AD to the people of the Holy City of Jerusalem recorded in Surrah Notebook 219. The names contained in the notebook are divided into four sections including 67 groups, each of which includes a number of names of those entitled to a share of the Surrah, every name in its class, beginning with those close to the sultan and the preachers of the Al-Aqsa Mosque, the imams of the Dome of the Rock and Al-Aqsa Mosque, and ending with the names of the bakers, millers and servants in Jerusalem, as well as the shares of the personnel of the Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron. The scientific value and importance of this notebook come from the important information it contains about demography and economic and social aspects of the people of Jerusalem. For example, the names of groups are recorded some of whom were connected with religious and educational functions, some others to professions and others to neighborhoods of the city, schools, sufi lodges or hospices. Also recorded in it are the names of the sultans, senior dignitaries, sheikhs of the sufi orders, people who set up endowments and others. The groups include the names of hundreds of Muslims in Jerusalem who benefited from the Surrah, revealing the diversity found in the population and the social fabric of the Holy City. Anyone who reads the names of the population observes the multiplicity of the population’s origins and affiliations.

Keywords


Surrah al-Sultaniyah, Jerusalem, Ottoman Empire.

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