The Damascus Conflict of 1860 An Analytical Historical Study

Fadwa A Nusairt

Abstract


This study investigates the deep economic, political, and social factors that exacerbated the problem of sectarian strife in the Levant in the 19th century, which led to the Damascus crisis in 1860, and the bloody violence that resulted from it. The study uses an historical analytical approach, by reviewing and analyzing events, based on an understanding of the relationship between the events of that crisis and the issues of change and social violence today. The study concludes that, despite the many negative consequences of this crisis, it brought some positive and far-reaching results, by helping to weaken the feudal system, and creating the principle of equality between people. in addition, the crisis was an attempt to awaken the people of the region from ignorance. Moreover, the article asserts that sectarian conflict is not only a result of ignorance and feudalism, but also a foreign weapon that dominates the national independence and strikes national unity. The study suggests some methods that can contribute to eliminating sectarian violence, such as issuing new legislation against discrimination, and national education

Keywords


Damascus Crisis of 1860, Sectarianism, Foreign Interference

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