Light on the Biography of Imam Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Tusi al-Ghazali with Reference to Historical Sources (450-505 A.H. / 1058-111 A.D.)

Alliyan A. al-Jalloudi


Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazali lived in the second half of the fifth century A.H. / Eleventh century A.D., a period in which political power shifted to the Saljuq sultans. At that time, government authority was exercised in cooperation between the Saljuq sultan, who had political and administrative authority, and the Abbasid caliph, whose authority was religious.
This time witnessed important political events such as the struggle for power between the members of the Saljuq sultans and the emergence of the Isma‘ili mission backed by the Fatimid caliphs in Egypt . There were also external threats represented by the foreign occupation of parts of Bilad al-Sham (Greater Syria).
Those events left their mark on the life of Imam al-Ghazali and the formation of his character. Within this study of the life of Imam al-Ghazali, the author seeks to explore the impact of those events that shaped his personal opinions and affected the course of his life. This study refers to the reading of historical sources that documented those events and the books that record his biography, in order to understand the dimensions that created his thought and attitudes regarding the important cases at that time.


Imam al-Ghazali, Historical Sources; Saljuq Sultans, Biography

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