Military Feudalism during the Era of the Great Saljuq Sultans: Readings in the Contribution of Nizam al-Mulk Tusi to Its Establishment and Development

Alliyan A. al-Jalludi


This study traces the growth and development of the notion of military feudalism during the time of the great Saljuq sultans Tughril Beg, Alp Arslan and Malikshah (429-486 A.H. / 1037-1092 A.D.). The study places special emphasis on the contribution of the Saljuq minister Nizam al-Din Tusi (d. 485/1092) to the establishment and progress of the system of military feudalism.
Much of the study is devoted to a review of the literature that demonstrated a special interest in military feudalism during the Saljuq period and sought to highlight the role of Nizam al-Mulk Tusi in developing this feudal system. The author has observed that very few of those studies paid attention to the impact of political, economic, military and ideological factors that emerged in the Saljuq period on the growth and progress of the military feudal system.
To accomplish its main purpose, the study draws upon an intensive review of the relevant historical sources and carries out a careful and deliberate reading in the Siyasat Nama of Nizam al-Mulk Tusi, which he wrote during the last years of his life, characterized as the richest and most profound phase of his life experience. Furthermore, this study also takes into consideration the various contexts that shaped military feudalism, such as the correlation between the Turkish heritage and the feudal practices of the Buwayhid period. It also verifies directions, efforts and views of Nizam al-Mulk Tusi that were obtained from his original work, the Siyasat Nama.


Military feudalism, Saljuqs, Nizam al-Mulk Tusi, Buwayhids

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