The Religio-Political groups in Oman during the ya'rubid dynasty (1034 - 1162 AH / 1624 - 1749 AD)

Farouk Omar Fawzi

Abstract


When the Yʿārbẗ took power in 1624, Oman was in a chaotic state. The Bāḍyẗ Imamate was weak, and the tribal leaders retained absolute control of their tribal areas. During appearance of ālqbāʾl ālNbhānyẗ, the condition became ever worse, and their supremacy was never challenged. The election of Nāṣr Ibn Mršd ālYʿrby resulted in uniting the tribes under central government and directing a successful operation against the Portuguese. However, during the period of later Yʿārbẗ Imams a controversy occurred among ambitious members of the ruling family, which led to a difference of opinion between the tribal leaders and the principal ālʾBāḍyẗ 'Ulama. The outcome was a civil war which ultimately led to Persian Occupation of Oman and the downfall of ālYʿārbẗ state. In conclusion it was obvious that the three factions which contested to again authority were: ālYʿārbẗ, ālʾBāḍyẗ 'Ulama and last but not least the tribe. The tribe was an important factor in the struggle for power, simply because it was needed by the other two factions, namely ālYʿārbẗ and ālʾBāḍyẗ 'Ulama

Keywords


ālYʿārbẗ, ālʾmāmẗ, ālHnāwyẗ, ālĠāfryẗ, ālʾBāḍyẗ

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