Natural Disasters in the Emirate of Transjordan: Locusts as a Case Study (1928-1930): A Historical Documentary Study

Ahmad Hamed Alqudah

Abstract


This historical documentary study approaches natural disasters in the Emirate of Transjordan during the period of 1928-1930 with focus on locusts. The study identified the areas where locusts concentrated across the lands of the emirate, and the legislation enacted by the government to control locust attacks such as the Locust Control Act of 1928 and the Locusts Termination Act of 1929, in addition to expenditures by the government on efforts to control locusts in terms of wages of locust control workers, rental of means of transportation, purchase of locust control equipment, and supplies; demonstrating methods to control locusts like grouping, poisonous materials, smoke, harrowing, fire, zinc sheets, and trenches. The study also highlighted the part taken by the Jordanian military, gendarme, and police in the combat efforts, and the impact of the locust attacks on the economic life in the Emirate of Transjordan. The study relied on unpublished government documents archived at the National Library Department in Amman and the official gazette besides other sources contemporary to the period under study.

Keywords


Locusts, Emirate of Transjordan, Government Expenditures.

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