Challenges Facing Teaching Arabic Language in Elementary Schools in the Middle of the West Bank as seen by Schools' Principals Supervisions and Teachers

Linda Walid Smoom, Ahmad Fteiha

Abstract


This study aims to identify the challenges of teaching and learning Arabic for the first elementary stage in public schools in the middle of the West Bank as seen by the principals, supervisors and teachers, and to identify the perspectives of these cohorts to develop the process of teaching and learning the Arabic language. In order to achieve these objectives, the methodology of the study was chosen to include a quantitative approach with a descriptive design, and a qualitative approach with a descriptive design. A closed questionnaire and a semi-structured interview were adopted as the study tools. The questionnaire was distributed to a simple random sample of public schools in the West Bank, in the year (2017/2018). Its size reached (129) schools out of (193), to get acquainted with the greetings of teaching and learning the Arabic language from the point of view of Arabic language teachers in it. Three models of semi-structured interviews were adopted, and directed to an exciting sample of managers, supervisors and Arabic language teachers for the first elementary stage in public schools in the middle of the West Bank. There were seven principals, four supervisors, and ten teachers, to be acquainted with proposals to develop the teaching and learning of the Arabic language. The results showed that the most prominent challenges of teaching and learning the Arabic language are the overlap between colloquial, classical, and the decline of the Arabic language in the scientific fields in addition to the abundance of skills in the curriculum in relation to the number of lessons. The most prominent proposals were the need to strengthen the role of parents and increase communication between them and the school, and employing the internet in the service of teaching and learning the Arabic language, by designing websites and applications for Arabic language curriculum, in addition to the need to train teachers on the use of technology and modern teaching methods in teaching Arabic language skills.

Keywords


First elementary stage, Challenges, Globalization.

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