Acute Myocardial Infarction Survivors Experiences: A Qualitative Literature Review (Brief Communication)

Nidal F. Eshah, A Elaine Bond

Abstract


Background Aims: Although cardiovascular disease is the number one killer in many countries, advanced technology has improved survival rates post acute myocardial infarction. Survivors of an acute myocardial infarction face new challenges as they try to adapt. Understanding the meaning of their experiences is vital for designing educational programs for prevention and rehabilitation. There has been no research on this topic in Jordan. Therefore, this paper will evaluate personal experiences and perspectives of acute myocardial infarction survivors.

Materials and Methods: Qualitative Literature Review from CINAHL, MEDLINE, Blackwell Synergy, and PsycINFO electronic databases. Thirteen articles, 2002- 2007, met the inclusion criteria. Constant comparative method was used to identify themes.

Results: Six key themes were identified: beliefs about causes of the disease, behaviors related to the event, moving toward changing lifestyle, professional and social support, concerns about the future, and expressing needs. Many acute myocardial infarction survivors did not know CVD risk factors, or warning signs and symptoms. Participants found changing one's lifestyle is difficult and requires support from professionals and family members.

Conclusions: Health care providers need to increase community awareness campaigns about CVDs. They also need to teach risk factors, signs, symptoms, and appropriate lifestyle changes to patients during routine healthcare visits. During and after hospitalization, acute myocardial infarction survivors need time-sensitive education. They need professional and family support. Jordanian healthcare providers can use this information to develop or improve programs to assist acute myocardial infarction survivors.

Keywords


Qualitative, review, myocardial infarction, survivors, lifestyle changes, patient's needs

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