Prevalence of Diabetic Foot Ulcer and its Associated Risk Factors among Diabetic Patients in Jordan

Faris G. Bakri, Ali H. Allan, Yousef S. Khader, Nidal A. Younes, Kamel M. Ajlouni

Abstract


Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of diabetic foot ulcers and their risk factors among patients attending the National Center for Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Genetics (Amman, Jordan).

Materials and Methods: A systematic random sample of 1,000 diabetic patients was selected from patients attending the diabetes clinic at the National Center for Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Genetics (Amman, Jordan). Vascular, neurological, musculoskeletal, and ulcer risk categories were all assessed.

Results: There were 49% males in the sample. The mean age of the sample was 52 years, and the mean duration of diabetes was 9.7 years. Diabetic foot ulcer prevalence was 4.6%, sensory neuropathy 14.9%, lower limb ischemia 7.5%, and amputation 1.7%. Ulceration was associated mainly with the male gender, neuropathy, and increased duration of diabetes.

Conclusions: Future efforts should be directed toward educating both healthcare professionals and patients about proper foot care. Community based studies are also necessary to determine the actual prevalence of diabetic foot complications.

Keywords


Diabetic foot ulcer, diabetes, Jordan, neuropathy

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