Prognostic Value of the Ratio of the Sum of the Compound Muscle Action Potentials of Three Healthy, Affected Muscles in Patients with Bell’s Palsy

Said S Dahbour

Abstract


Background and Aims: Bell’s palsy is the most common cause of unilateral facial muscle weakness.
We aim to find out if a single test of facial nerve conduction performed early in the course of the disease,
along with the recording of compound muscle action potential (CMAP) of 3 muscles on the affected
side compared to the unaffected side would give a reasonable prognosis at 6 months. Materials and
methods: Fifty patients with first-time Bell’s palsy were included in the study, and the degree of
involvement was assessed based on the House-Brackmann (HB) Grading System at disease onset, 3
months and 6 months.
Results: A good outcome (HB grades I and II) was seen in 28 patients (56%), and a poor/moderate
outcome (HB grades III to VI) was seen in 22 patients (44%). Of those who had a ratio of ≥ 25% (26
patients), 19 (73%) had a good outcome, while of thos e with a ratio of < 25% (24 patients), 15 (63%)
had a poor/moderate prognosis. Fisher’s exact test showed significant correlation between a CMAP
ratio of ≥ 25% and a good outcome (p = 0.022). Age, gender, history of diabetes or treatment with
steroids was not correlated with prognosis.
Conclusion: A one-time three-muscle CMAP ratio of ≥ 25% was highly consistent with a good
prognosis

Keywords


Complications, Corneal Transplantation Methods, Indication, Keratoplasty, Penetrating.

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