Oral and Dental Findings among Disabled People in Jordan

Awad Mousa El-Sumeirat

Abstract


Objectives: To determine the prevalence of oral and dental problems among people with mental and physical disabilities, residents of welfare and rehabilitation center in Jordan. Methods: This study was carried out in Jeresh welfare and rehabilitation center. Two hundred patients with mental and physical disabilities residing in that center were assessed for oral and dental health. Results: plaque was seen by 88.5% of patients. Gingivitis with varying degrees was seen in 86.89% of disabled patients. Pulp involvement in at least one tooth was seen in 4.3% of disabled patients. Dental abscesses were present in 6.9% of disabled patients. The treatment history of the disabled patients during the last visit was 84.43% for check up, 6.56% for extraction, 1.64% for root canal treatment (RCT) and 7.37% for other treatments. Xerostemia was present in 48.3% of disabled patients. Halitosis was present in 78.8% of disabled patients. Food impaction between teeth was present in 76.1% of the disabled patient. Bleeding gums were encountered by 76.1% of disabled patients. Tooth wear was observed in 63.3% of the disabled patients. The status of oral health was poor with varying degrees in 86.90% of disabled patients. Drooling was found in 25.0% of disabled patients. Conclusion: Disabled patients in Jordan had poor oral health. They had a high prevalence of dental problems including plaque accumulation, gingivitis, abscess, and missing teeth.

Keywords


Oral and dental findings, Disabled patients, Jordan.

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