Iron Status in Preschool Jordanian Children of 12-59 Months of Age

Sa'ad H. Kharabsheh, Wisam Qarqash, Ahmad M. Faqih

Abstract


Abstract: A national cross-sectional study was conducted in Jordan in 2002 to assess the iron status of 12- to 59- month-old preschool children, using a multistage cluster sampling design that included a total of 1253 of all eligible children.

The prevalence rate of anemia (Hemoglobin (Hb) < 11.0 g/dL), Iron Deficiency (ID; serum ferritin (SF) <12µg/L) and Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA; Hb< 11.0 g/dL + SF <12µg/L) were found to be 20.1%, 26.1%, and 10.1%.The respective prevalence rates in toddlers of 12 to 23 months of age attained higher levels of 34.4%, 45.9%, and 21.3%.

This is the first national study whereby Hb and SF were used to assess the iron status of preschool children. It is concluded that more attention should be given to the iron status of preschool Jordanian children particularly those who are less than two years old since this is a period during which lack of iron causes impairment to mental development.

Keywords


Iron deficiency anemia, preschool Jordanians, a national study

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