Perception of Quality of Life among Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease in Jordan

Mona A Shuriquie, Mohammad H BaniKhaled, Raed M Shudifat, Eman H Shaqdih, Amal Ramadneh

Abstract


Objective: Peripheral arterial disease is a common chronic cardiovascular disease that influences different aspects of quality of life.

Methods: This study aimed to explore the perception of quality of life of Jordanian patients with peripheral arterial disease who attended vascular clinics.

Material and Methods: This study was conducted in Vascular Clinic of King Hussein Medical center, Amman, Jordan, which is a 650 – bed referral hospital in Jordan during March 2014. Cross sectional research design was used to recruit 96 vascular patients who had intermittent claudication due to peripheral arterial disease. Data were collected using the Arabic translation of the Australian Vascular Quality of Life index.

Results: The majority of patients (n=65, 67.7%) were male patients. Their age ranged from 35 to 81 (mean 59±15.6). The results indicated that overall the patients in this study had fair quality of life. The total mean score obtained on the Australian Vascular Quality of Life index was 46.9 (±20.54). Patients who underwent surgical interventions scored more than patients who did not on the general health perception domain, the function, mobility and pain domain, and total quality of life. The only statistically significant difference was in the general health perception domain (t=2.17, p 0.034).

Conclusions: Jordanian patients with peripheral arterial disease reported fair quality of life. This might be due to the chronic nature of the illness which pervades all aspects of their life. The patients who underwent surgical intervention had significantly better general health perceptions. Further research examining various influences on perception of quality of life of peripheral arterial disease patients is needed.

Keywords


Peripheral arterial disease, quality of life, AUSVIQUOL, Jordanian patients.

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