Diabetes Knowledge among Health Sciences Students in Saudi Arabia and Jordan

Abdullah Mousa Khamaiseh, Mohammad Nazzal Alshloul

Abstract


Background: Diabetes Mellitus is a serious global public health problem that has an adverse effect on the quality of life of several people.
Aims: We aimed to assess the knowledge of diabetes mellitus, and to identify knowledge deficits that are associated with this knowledge among undergraduate students in Saudi Arabia and Jordan.
Materials and Methods: A systematic random sample of 982 undergraduate students was enrolled for this cross-sectional study. A structured questionnaire was administered to the eligible students in 3 universities in both countries.
Results: The majority of students know the definition of diabetes mellitus and that it is a chronic disease. (25 %) of the Saudi students and (34 %) of the Jordanian students know that Insulin dysfunction is found in type 2 diabetes mellitus. About (30%) of all students could correctly identify the cut-off point of 126 mg/dl fasting plasma glucose. However, whereas Saudi students significantly had higher total diabetes mellitus knowledge score, higher in diagnosis, treatment, diet and exercise while, Jordanian students’ scores were significantly higher in risk factor, symptoms, complication and control.
Conclusion: Students have adequate background knowledge concerning diabetes mellitus diagnosis, symptoms, risk factors, and treatment. However, areas of knowledge deficits such as diabetes mellitus control and associated complications have been identified among participants. The curricula of health sciences in the Jordanian and Saudi universities should be customized to include specific and focused information that enhance the diabetes mellitus - related knowledge among students.

Keywords


Diabetes Mellitus, Knowledge of Diabetes; Undergraduate Students; Saudi Arabia, Jordan

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