Knowledge of and adherence to antipsychotic medications among individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia

Esraa Mohammad Issa, Ayman M. Hamdan-Mansour, Shaher H. Hamaideh

Abstract


Background Aims: the purpose of this study is to identify the level and correlation of knowledge of and adherence to antipsychotic medications among individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, correlational design was used to collect data from a convenience sample of 365 patients referred to psychiatric outpatient units. Data collected using Understanding of Medication Questionnaire and Morisky Medication Adherence Scale.
Results: Lack of knowledge about antipsychotic medications was found among patients diagnosed with schizophrenia. The majority of patients reported low levels of adherence to their medications. A significant positive correlation was found between individuals’ knowledge and their adherence level. Being younger, single, had higher education, and had full-time job were significantly associated with higher level of knowledge and adherence to antipsychotic medications.
Conclusions: Poor adherence to medications is associated with lack of knowledge about medications inferring the need for strategies and interventions to increase patients’ knowledge and awareness about their medications. Psycho-educational interventions related to antipsychotic medications are priority to mental health nurses. There should be also emphasis on patients' awareness, insight, and attitudes toward their medications.

Keywords


Adherence, Antipsychotic Medications, Jordan, Knowledge, Schizophrenia

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