Study of the Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Potential of the Aerial Parts of Ficus nitida L. (Moraceae) and its Phytochemical Composition

khaled Nabih Rashed, Ching-Shu Lai, Min-Hsiung Pan, Chistiane Feitosa

Abstract


The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of a methanolic extract of the
aerial parts of Ficus nitida, and to investigate the main phytoconstituents present in the extract. The extract was tested for
antioxidant activity by using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), and for anti-inflammatory potential by using a nitrite
assay. The extract was also screened for phytochemicals by different chemical tests. The results showed that the Ficus
nitida extract had significant antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects that were concentration-dependent.
Phytochemical analysis of the methanol extract proved the presence of alkaloids and/or nitrogenous compounds,
carbohydrates and/or glycosides, flavonoids, tannins, and triterpenes and/or sterols. These results indicated that a
methanolic extract of Ficus nitida aerial parts may act as a potential anti-inflammatory and antioxidant.

Keywords


Ficus nitida, aerial parts, antioxidant, antiiflammatory activity, phyto- constituents

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