Imaad Iddin Ahmad Ibn Al-Mashtoob and the Effect of his Disobeying Movements on the Ayyubi Kings and Sultans

Mahmoud Mohammad Al-Ruwaidhi

الملخص


Imaad Iddiin Ibn Al-Mashtoob and his insurgency movements against the princes of Bani-Ayyoub in the Levant, Egypt and the Euphrates Basin (619-590H/1193-1222 A.C.)
This study probes into the character and personality of Imaad Iddiin, Ahmad Ibn Ali Ibn Ahmad Ibn Abi Al-Hayjaa’, a descendent of a Hikkaarii Kurdish tribe. He was known as Ibn Al-Mashtoob. He inherited from his father a formidable reputation that made the Ayyubi household revere and respect him. He was considered as one of the Ayyubi’s. After the death of Saladin Al- Ayyubi in the year (598 H./1193 A.C), he started to interfere in the internal divisions and conflicts within the Ayyubi household.
The king's of Bani-Ayyub used to coax him for their need of Kurdish soldiers who were under his leadership to strengthen and bolster their rule. Ibn Al-Mashtoob became aware of this need and started to use it for his own good. He became completely the opposite of his father in his allegiance. He would pledge allegiance only to the Ayyubi king he served. The benefits he reaped decides the period of his allegiance. He then lead resistance and insurgency movements against the Ayyubi’s in the Levant, Egypt and the Euphrates Basin. These movements reeked havoc and spread chaos and mayhem in the Ayyubi state which paved the way for foreign invasion of Islamic land. These movements however, did not last long before they were suppressed and Ibn Al-Mashtoob was taught a lesson along with those who contemplated rebellion against the Ayyubi’s.

الكلمات المفتاحية


Disobeying Movements, Ibn Al-Mashtoob, Ayyubi Kings and Sultans

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