Diagenesis of the Skeletal Remains in Four Archaeological Sites in Northern Jordan

Abdulla al-Shorman


Archaeological bone chemistry studies from Jordanian sites have overlooked the important role of bone diagenesis, which may rule out proper interpretation of data. This study evaluates bone diagenesis in 81 human and animal bone samples from four Byzantine sites in northern Jordan. The evaluation of diagenesis was structured on the deviations of bone chemistry from a set of standards using XRD, XRF, and AAS. The results show significant diagenesis in the four sites, which consequently biases reconstructions of paleodiet using trace element analysis. The study also shows that burial type and environment are major factors in the process of diagenesis.


Skeletal Remains, Archaeological Sites

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