Ladies of the Palaces And Their Role In Public Life of Egypt During Fatimid Period (360-567 A.H./972-1171 A.D.)

Nahla AbdulBaqi, Alayan al-Jaludi

Abstract


It has been observed by scholars that Fatimid ladies of the palace had assumed
a high-status in Egyptian society during the Fatimid era, and a few ladies
among them had played part in political and public life, and they had
influenced on the evaluation of the palace course of events of the Fatimid
state. So that, the present study is devoted to clarify role of those ladies, taking
into consideration, mainly, the participation of two prominent ladies of the
palace and their impact on Fatimid state. The first was called Sitt Almulk, the
caliph Al-Hakim bi Amr al-Lāh's sister, and the second one was called Rasad,
the caliph al-Mustansir Billah's mother. The study revealed that ladies of the
Palace had played an obvious role in Fatimid state via its periods of unrest,
weakness, and political chaos. It, also demonstrated that the role of some
ladies, such as Sitt Amulk, contributed positively in protecting the state from
the dangers surrounding it. In contrast, the study showed that few ladies of the
Palace played a negative role in the Fatimid state, such as Rasad, whose
interference was a factor in weaking, failure, and accelerating the collapse of
the Fatimid state later

Keywords


Fatimid Era, Ladies of the palace, sitt Almulk, Rāsād, Al- Hakim bi Amr al-Lāh's, al-Mustansir Billah's.

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