The Impact of Endowments on the Renaissance of Education in the Madrasahs in Anatolia in the Seljuq Period (1077-1308 A. C / 470-708 A. H) A Documentary Study Based on the Endowment Documents and Seljuq Records

Fatima Yahiya Zakaria al-Robidiy

الملخص


This study highlights significant impact of endowments (waqfs) in the the renaissance of education of the Seljuk madrasahs in Anatolia, as reflected in primary sources such as title deeds, endowments and some documents of the Seljuk Divan related to the most famous general and specialized madrasahs endowed by the Seljuk rulers. Those schools carried out their educational missions for such a long time that the Ottomans also benefited from them. The study sheds light on the teaching and administrative staff of the madrasahs, the role of the endowments in financing education, the role of the supervisors of the endowments in the system of education, and curriculum design, the teaching calendar, work hours, holidays and vacations. The records contained the regulations adopted by the madrasahs during the Seljuk period.
The charitable endowments had a significant impact on the renaissance of education in Anatolia, as it had complete oversight of education at the time when the Seljuk government was involved in state political affairs. That renaissance of education comprised the foundations for the renaissance of education that Anatolia witnessed in the Ottoman period.

الكلمات المفتاحية


Seljuks, Endowments, Madrasah, Education

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