Trade Routes in Bilad al-Sham in the Byzantine Period

Mmdoh Al Krabsheh, Slamh Alnemat

Abstract


Trade routes connected the continents of the ancient world. Bilad al-Sham, being located in the center of the ancient world, was crossed by caravan routes from the far east to the far west, carrying spices and silk from China through the silk road to the Byzantine territories, or from India via southern Arabia to the Byzantine markets in the north. Among the routes was the one that crossed Mesopotamia along the Euphrates River before turning to the market cities of Bilad al-Sham and the further external markets of the Mediterranean. Another route was the sea route coming from southeast Asia to the ports of the Persian Gulf or southern Arabia and then to the Mediterranean and beyond.

Keywords


Trade Routes, Bilad al-Sham, Byzantine Empire.

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