An Ottoman Foundation Inscription in the Ottoman Fort of Ma‘an, Jordan

Wail M. Rashdan, Talal B. Muhammad Sha‘ban


This paper examines an Ottoman foundation inscription in the fort of Ma‘an. The inscription is written in Ottoman Turkish in the name of the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent and is dated to 971 A.H./1563 A.D. This study presents a reading and Arabic translation of the inscription and shows its historical and archaeological significance, as well as analyzing the technical and aesthetic characteristics of the inscription and highlighting the titles, epithets and names that the inscription contains.


Ma‘an, Ottoman fort, Ottoman inscription, Ottoman history, Jordan

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