The Shrine of Bahadir bin Abdullah al-Badri in al-Mazar al-Janubi, al-Karak. An Archaeological and Architectural Study

Saad Mohammad Al-Momani

Abstract


The shrine of Bahadir ibn Abdullah al-Badri is located in al-Mazar al-Janubi in the Governorate of Karak, 13 km south of the modern city of al-Karak and 140 kn south of Amman. Based on the foundation inscription above the entrance, as well as on the results of field investigation and excavations, it is apparent that the building constructed of limestone dates to the Mamluk period. It is the type of building known as a turbah consisting of a square room covered by a dome, and an iwan on the side covered by a barrel vault. It was not a shrine or mosque for Ja‘far bin Abi Talib. The building, which houses an Islamic museum established by the Ministry of Awqaf, is an independent building 60 m to the north of the tomb and mosque of Ja‘far. It preserves its architectural features and so serves as a classic example of a turbah with a dome and iwan from the Mamluk period.
It was constructed in 727 A.H./1326 A.D. and served as a shrine/turbah for the burial of Bahadir bin Abdullah al-Badri, the governor of al-Karak and al-Shawbak during the reign of Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad ibn Qalawun.

Keywords


al-Mazar, Jordan, Mamluk, Turbah

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