Khirbet Jaber in the Badiah of Northern Jordan

Daifallah Mohammad Obeida


The important archaeological site of Khirbet Jaber is located 18 km north of
Mafraq in the western part of the badiah of northern Jordan close to the Syrian
border. The article presents the extant archaeological remains, such as
architecture, pottery and inscriptions, which indicate that the site was occupied
during the Roman, Byzantine and Umayyad periods and later in the Mamluk
and Ottoman periods.
The remains are on two tells, on top of which the houses of the modern village
have spread. The center of the settlement was on the eastern hill, where the
architectural remains seem to have been the attraction for modern settlement
due to the availability of stones for building and water supplied by reservoirs
and cisterns.
Khirbet Jaber is located on the edge of agricultural land where large wadis
coming from distant places in different directions bring a great deal of water in
the rainy seasons, which seems to have been the reason for occupation here
across the ages. The inhabitants collected and stored water to irrigate their
crops and for their daily needs through different methods of water harvesting,
such as dams, reservoirs and cisterns, most of which remain on the site and in
its immediate vicinity.

الكلمات المفتاحية

Khirbet Jaber, Badiah of North Jordan, Water harvesting.

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