The Historical Circumstances and Archaeological Evidence of the Nabataean Migration into Southern Jordan 539 B.C. – 106 A.D.

Mohammad Nasarat, Saad Twaissi

الملخص


This paper seeks to demonstrate the historical circumstances of the Nabataean
migration into southern Jordan and the political and demographic changes
during the Iron Age III (539-332 B.C.). The political circumstances that
prevailed in the region during the sixth century B.C. had encouraged the
Nabataeans to enter the region during the second half of the sixth century and
the beginning of the fifth century B.C. That conclusion is based on a study of
the historical circumstances of the sixth century B.C. and the limited
archaeological and historical evidence available that points to trade activity in
the region during the fifth and fourth centuries B.C. This activity was
conducted by Arabian groups, and the only Arabian groups that historical
sources mention at the end of the fourth century B.C. and associate with trade
are the Nabataeans. It is reasonable to conclude that the Arabian traders who
were known in the region during the fifth and fourth centuries B.C. were the
Nabataeans themselves. That suggests dating the entrance of the Nabataeans
into the region during the second half of the sixth century / the beginning of
the fifth century B.C. The entrance of the Nabataeans into southern Jordan
was contemporary with the migration of the Edomites to the region of the
Negev in southern Palestine, as the archaeological evidence connected with
the Edomites in the Negev sites shows.

الكلمات المفتاحية


Edom, Nabataeans, Iron Age III.

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