The Struggle for Power in Oman during the Busaid Dynasty 1163-1390 AH / 1749-1970

Farouk Omar Fawzi

Abstract


This article examines an important period in the modern history of Oman, namely the rule of the Busaid state starting in 1749 and ending in 1970 when Sultan Qabus b. Said assumed power and started a new era in Oman. The article disentangles the complex dynastic, religious, tribal and external politics that characterized Oman and sheds light on many personalities and issues involved in Omani affairs, examining the interplay between four themes: the ruling family, the Ibadi imamate, tribal politics and external influence. The rivalries among some personalities in the royal family to gain power gradually weakened and finally stopped in 1888, while religious Ibadi opposition was diminished. Tribal allegiances and influence was no longer as significant as it had been before, while domestic affairs seemed to be influenced by foreign powers. After the Jabal al-Akhdar and Dhufar rebellions, internal affairs in Oman were more stable than any other time in Oman’s recent history. When Sultan Qabus assumed power in 1970, his main aim was to put an end to the conflict among those groups and reunify Oman. He also sought to establish a new, modern sultanate and end the isolation imposed by the past.

Keywords


الصراع، الدولة البوسعيدية، عُمان.

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