Capital Structure Determinants of Palestinian Corporations

Islam Abdeljawad, Kamel A. Abed-Rabu


The aim of this study was to investigate the capital structure determinants of Palestinian corporations. The hypotheses have been developed in light of three capital structure theories, namely: tradeoff theory, agency theory, and pecking order theory, in addition to the empirical findings of past literature. Unbalanced panel data of 33 non-financial Palestinian corporations from 2005 to 2013 was used in model estimation. Models were estimated using pooled, fixed effects and random effects. Results demonstrated that firm size, growth opportunities, and non-debt tax shield are positively related to leverage ratio while profitability is negatively related to leverage. These results are mostly consistent with pecking order theory. These results indicate that information asymmetry problems are more severe in Palestine than other countries. This conclusion urges firms and regulators to work to build trust with investors via providing the useful data for decision making. Providing information necessitates the development of the accounting profession, adopting, and enforcing of clear accounting standards. This will open the doors in the future for an active bond and stock markets that stimulate the primary market activities of firms rather than the speculation activities of investors.


capital structure, Tradeoff theory, pecking order theory, agency theory, Palestinian corporations

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