Medicinal and Edible Wild Plants Used by the Community of Northern Badia of Jordan

Hamed R. Takruri, Salma K. Tukan, Musa N. Ahmad

Abstract


This study aimed at documenting the importance of medicinal and edible local wild plants in some parts of the Jordanian Badia through several visits to the Northern Badia of Jordan/Mafraq Governorate to collect data on these plants regarding the edible parts and ways of consumption. The experience of aged people and interview of a sample of 500 women were utilized. The collected wild plants were classified in the Herbarium of the Department of Biological Sciences and analyzed for their proximate composition and contents of vitamins A and C and content of the minerals Ca, P, Na, K, Fe, Zn, Cu and Mn in the Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Jordan. Results showed that 79%, 74.2%, 61.8% and 60% of the women sample consumed chamomile (Matricaria aurea (Loefl) Schults Bip), thyme (Thymus bovei, Benthan), mallow (Malva Sylvestris (L.)) and viper’s grass (Scorzonera schweinfuorthii Boiss.), respectively, and that 17 other plants were consumed to a lesser extent. Additionally, few medicinal plants, most of which are locally obtained, are used including artimesia (Artemisia herba-alba Asso), lavender cotton (Achillea fragrantissima), germander (Teucrium polium L.), harmel (Peganum harmala L.) and colocynth (Citrullus colocynthis L.Schrader). There was a variation in the proximate analysis values of the 17 edible plants analyzed. Some of these plants were rich in vitamins A and C and in certain trace elements. The parts used included the roots, stems, leaves, the flowering buds and the whole plant either fresh or dried and varied from one plant to another. It is concluded that medicinal and wild edible plants are common in the food habits in the northern Badia community, and that some of them are important sources of some micronutrients (minerals and vitamins).

Keywords


Wild plants, Medicinal plants, Jordan Badia, Edible wild herbs

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