Beekeepers' Problems in Balqa’ Governorate-Jordan and their Relationship with Some Personal and Professional Characteristics

Ahmad N. Al-Shadiadeh, Amal A. Abbady

Abstract


The study aims to determine the problems' level of beekeepers in Balqa’ Governorate in Jordan and its relation with some personal and professional characteristics. Data were collected by a questionnaire through personal interview from a random sample of 58 beekeepers. The questionnaire included two parts; the first one is the personal and professional characteristics of beekeepers, and the second one is a measure for pests and problems level that facing beekeepers and their management level. The obtained results indicated that there were three levels of pest distribution: low (less than 19 degree), medium (19-27 degree) and high (more than 27 degree), and it was found that 22.4%, 58.6% and 0.19% of respondents fall within these levels, respectively. On the other hand, there were three levels of problems distribution: low (less than 30 degree), medium (30-46 degree), and high (more than 46 degree) with 15.5%, 72.7%, and 12.1% of the beekeepers fall in these levels, respectively. Three levels of management strategy: low (less than < 32 degree, medium (32-42 degree) and high (more than 42 degree) were recorded and formed 17.2%, 72.4%, 12.1% of the respondents, respectively. A significant positive correlation between the level of problems and pests with each of age, family members, and sex was reported. In contrast, a significant negative relationship with education level, amount of income and information sources was noticed. The study recommended that agricultural extension should take an additional role to increase the awareness and knowledge levels of beekeepers and transfer this knowledge through a scientific and practical plan that includes according to the levels of beekeepers in studying area.

Keywords


Agricultural extension, beekeeping, beekeepers, beekeepers constrains, Jordan.

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