Control of Sesame Charcoal Root Rot Disease using Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Extracts

Amal Sidawi, Ghada Abou Ammar, Abdalhakim Yousef, Zainab Alkhider, Taha Arifi, Safaa Alalees, Salim Kharoob

Abstract


Sesame seeds treated with 6% metanol extract of azedrach (fruits) Melia azedarach, leaves of peppermint(Mentha piperita) , leaves of thyme ( Thymusserpyllum), and eucalyptus (Eucalyptus rostratua), and garlic cloves (Allium sativum) were planted in Dair Alzor-Salo, Raqua, and Edleb-kafar- sandal research centers with three replicates for each treatment and control during two seasons 2008 and 2009.Obtained data revealed that all extracts significantly reduced infection percentage of charcoal root rot and wilt diseases in Dair Alzor-Salo and Raqua, however the peppermint and garlic extracts significantly reduced infection percentage of charcoal root rot and wilt diseases in Edleb. All extracts significantly increased the yield comparing with the control in Dair Alzor-Salo, while the peppermint, andthyme extracts significantly increased the yield in Edleb-kafar- sandal comparing with the control, moreover the thyme and eucalyptus extracts significantly increased the yield in Raqua. Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid and Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht were isolated from deseased plants. Laboratory experiments showed that all tested extracts inhibited the Macrophomina phaseolina growth on PDA medium comparing with the control.

Keywords


Metanol Extract, Fruits of Azedrach, Leaves of Peppermint, Leaves of Thyme, Leaves of Eucalyptus, Garlic Cloves,Macrophominaphaseolina (Tassi) Goid, FusariumoxysporumSchlecht

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.