The Effect of Vermicompost Application on Growth Characteristics and Essential Oil of Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.)

Soheila Shahriari, ghobad shabnai, Masomeh Khan Ahmadi

Abstract


In accordance to evaluating different levels of vermicompost bio manure on growth and essential oil of medical plant of basil, an experiment was conducted in 2012 in Academic Centre for Education, Culture and Research (ACECR), Kermanshah, Iran on factorial experiment based on complete block design in 3 replications. Treatments were three levels of vermicompost (included 0, 5 and 10 ton in hectare) and 3 ecotype (Kermanshah, Shiraz and Andimeshk). Results showed that the highest yield of bush dry matter (16.29 g/plant) and highest essential oil yield (88.61 litters per hectare) was earned in Shiraz ecotype with application of 10 ton per hectare vermicompost. It seems that biologic fertilizers (vermicompost) are suitable alternative of chemical fertilizer and could be used in sustainable agriculture systems.

Keywords


Basil, Essential oil, Ocimum basilicum, Vermicompost.

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