Influence of Genotype and Protein Source on Broiler Performance

Nahil M. Ali, Thamir A. Az-Aldeen, Esraa M. TawfiK

Abstract


The purpose of this experiment was to quantify the responses of three broiler strains of different genotypes
to two protein sources (animal and vegetable) on performance and carcass weight. Nine hundred one- dayold
broiler chicks of three strains (Cobb500 ,Ross308 and Hubbard) were placed in 18 floor pens, three
hundred chicks of each, at a rate of 50 chicks per pen, to form six treatments. The chicks were raised up to
56 days. Feed and water were available ad libitium.
At the end of the growing period (28d), Cobb exhibited priority in growth parameters as body weight and
growth rate on both Ross and Hubbard strains.
At the age of 42 days , significant differences (P<0.05) were obtained in terms of performance of strains.
Over all ,Cobb and Ross birds had higher body weights; i.e. 2418, 2440 vs 2170 gm for Hubbard, higher
relative growth rate; i.e. 129.5 , 132 and 129.2 and higher carcass weights i.e. 1710 , 1729 and 1484gm for
these strains ,respectively. However, at day 56, Hubbard strain showed an improvement in body weight
and growth rate, to be at the mark of other strains. Economical efficiency was greatly affected (P<0.05) by
strains for both Cobb and Ross over Hubbard .But there was no effect of protein source on the economical
efficiency at various ages. It was concluded that Cobb and Ross strains were better than Hubbard. The 42
day age is a favorable age for broiler marketing.

Keywords


Genotype, Protein Source, Broiler Economic Performance.

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