Study of Reality of Honey Beekeeping and it's Economic Feasibility in Sweida Governorate , South Syria

Maher Duwwara, Rimal Saa'b

Abstract


Since honey bee is important for its production as well as crop pollinators, this research was conducted at Agricultural Research Center, Sweida from 2009 to 2011. Seventy questionnaires were distributed on different cities and rural communities at Sweida governorate to study the following: beekeeping methods, colony number and management, purposes of beekeeping, nectar plants, colony transportation, honey harvesting, honey marketing and honey bee pest and diseases. Data collected was statistically analyzed using SPSS program. Results showed that the average number of colony was twelve at the beginning of 2009 season then raised to 17 colony at the end of the year. However, the number of colony decreased from 18 to 12 at the beginning and at the end of 2010 season, respectively. During 2011 the number of colony did not change during 2011 season and it was only 11 colony. Results revealed that the main purpose for beekeeping was producing honey however, only 33 % of beekeepers used as crop pollinators. Interestingly, only 4 % of our sample considered beekeeping as essential source of life. The most important nectar plants were wild plants, almond and eucalyptus trees. The obtained results showed that there was a decrease in honey production during the last three years and it was 6.4 kg, 4.7 kg and 4 kg per colony in 2009, 2010, 2011 season respectively. It could be concluded that there was a reduction in colony number and honey production per colony during study period; therefore, there is a need to solve the beekeeping problems in Sweida governorate, as rarity of nectar plants, and using chemical control which causes poisoning of honey bees.

Keywords


reality of honey beekeeping, economic feasibility, honey production, foraging plants, Sweida governorate

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