Agricultural Policies in Osun State, Nigeria: The Gender Perspective

Koledoye G. F., Gbadamosi A. E.

Abstract


Women play vital roles in agricultural development of any nation especially, in Africa. In most rural Nigerian communities, they contribute over 65 percent of farming households and make 60-80 percent of agricultural labour force. However, despite their contribution to agricultural sector, gender inequality has been empirically confirmed by extant literature. Consequntly, gender bias of agricultural policies, resulting to low food production is experienced in this sector. In Osun State, most agricultural policies are too generic with no inclination to the Beijing Declaration that proposed inclusion of women in policy formulation. Nigeria in general and Osun state in particular still do not consider women in agricultural policies. This study was conceptualised to analyse the various agricultural policies in Osun State with gender in focus. Focus Group Discussion sessions (FGDs) and key informant interviews were used to elicit information from 15 groups of women farmers in three different locations while questionnaires were used to obtain data from one hundred and ten (110) women based on the focus of the study. Results showed that women expressed their displeasures on the state of the various agricultural programmes under the current administration as the policies guiding their implementation were not gender inclusive. There is no significant correlation existing between women knowledge of agricultural programme policy and their involvement in their programme. Age (t = 3.076; p≤0.01), number of years spent in education (t= 4.424; p≤0.01) and size of farm in acres (t= 2.337; p≤0.05) significantly influenced women’ involvement in agricultural programme in the study area. It was concluded that agricultural policies in Osun State are not gender friendly.

Keywords


Agricultural policy, gender, gender mainstreaming, gender inclusiveness.

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