Aesthetic Design of the Façade of Mushatta Palace

Nizar Turshan, Mohammad Nassar

Abstract


This study aims at manifesting the development of cultural and artistic community that prevailed during the Umayyad periods. It is selected as a subject to study because of the importance of Mushatta Palace in the artistic, aesthetic and historical field. Its’ interface became one of the most important interfaces stone carved by the distinctive decorative elements in the region. The facade of Mushatta Palace is one of the most important monuments in the world museums (Pergamon Museum). The study included a description and analysis of decorative elements that were implemented on this facade, depending on the field visits in either the site of the palace or to the Pergamon Museum which presented large parts of this façade. It was found, through this study, that the artist was able to implement the art of decorative carved on this interface according to the principles and rules relating to the technical work which led to highlight the aesthetic side of this work. Also, it is concluded that the artist has known Umayyad art and excelled in it, and that his skilled hand has done a lot of paintings deals from which he managed to portray whats going inside. The artist has been helped by the availability of different raw materials like stone.
The nature of the area of cultural and artistic attractions, has spread the field of creativity, thinking and artistic production. The artist focused on the formation of motifs, although there were some Romanian and Byzantine influences that have spread in several locations in the region, such as the Decapolis cities, Byzantine churches at Madaba and other locations in Jordan.

Keywords


Mushatta Palace, Wall Decoration, Elements Decoration, Aesthetic Value, Design Elements and Technical Analysis.

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