Evaluating Sensory Training Services Introduced to Visually Disabled Children

Salah Hamdan Al-Louzi, Sawsan Mahmoud Mohammed

Abstract


This study evaluated sensory training services introduced to students of Abdullah Ibn Um Maktoum School in the city of Amman through a social survey. The study was conducted on 136 male and female students through using the instruments of a questionnaire, an interview, and a discussion with each of two focus groups. The questionnaire composed of two parts. The first part included some questions related to the characteristics of respondents and their families. The second part included the Scale of Sensory Training which included thirteen statements related to the development of each of the senses of smelling, touching, hearing, and vision. All statements were designed according to Likert Scale with five response categories.
Many statistical techniques were employed, including frequencies, percentages, means, standard deviations, and Cronbach's Alpha to measure the internal consistency among statements of the used scale. One-Way ANOVA test was also used to test the statistical differences between means of respondents’ responses. The level of significance was set at an alpha level of 0.05.
Findings showed that respondents held a positive position towards services provided to them that were related to the development of visual sense with a statistical mean value of 4.01. In contrast, respondents had a negative position towards services provided to them that were related to each of the senses of hearing with a mean value of 1.74, smelling with a mean value of 1.68, and touching with a mean value of 1.54. Respondents’ position towards all statements of the scale was negative with a mean value of 1.64. Generally, there were differences with a statistical significance between respondents’ position towards the Scale of Sensory Training and each of the variables of age and education. Conversely, there were no differences with a statistical significance between respondents’ position towards the Scale of Sensory Training and each of the two variables of gender and intensity of disability. Finally, the study provided many recommendations that were derived from the findings.

Keywords


disability, sensory training, children, vision, hearing, touching, smelling

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