Compressive Load Capacity of Bakelite Matrix Composite Reinforced with Jordanian Silica Sand and Cement

Issam S. Jalham, Abbas Al-Refaie


Jordan is a rich country with natural resources. Silica sand is considered as one of these resources. Composites in which Jordanian silica sand is used as a reinforcement can be manufactured to improve the properties of polymers. In this work, Bakelite was taken as a matrix material. To study how the properties of this new material can be controlled, it was decided to study the variables that may affect these properties. In this study, the effect of the processing parameters such as applied load and cooling rate, and their interaction with the material parameters such as particle size and reinforcement content on the compressive load capacity of the manufactured composite were investigated. It was found that a higher compressive load capacity can be achieved with the increase of the applied load during manufacturing, the increase of the content of the reinforcement, and the increase of the particle size. The effect of the cooling rate depended on the sand content. For example, samples of low sand content (5 and 25%) showed no significant effect. In contrast, samples of high sand content (35 and 50%) showed that the higher the sand content, the lower the strength is.


Reinforcement, Bakelite, Cooling Rate, Capacity, Matrix.

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