Effect of Using Waste Oil As a Source of Energy in Cement Plant on Ambient Air Quality- Case Study for Al-Rashadeya Factory

Rami H. Alta'ani, Tawfiq S. Samaneh, Kamel K. Al-Zboon

Abstract


Al-Rashadeya Cement Plant is planning to use waste oils resulting from the industrial process and vehicles as an auxiliary source of energy. This study was initiated to assess the environmental impacts of burning waste oil in Al-Rashadeya cement kilns on ambient air quality.

Surveys were carried out to obtain data on emission rates, area of study and metrological data. Gaussian air quality model was used to predict the effect of burning waste oil on ambient air concentrations of SO2, NO2 and CO.

The results show that SO2 and CO ambient air concentrations at ground level did not exceed the Jordanian standards in any month and at any distance from the factory. However, during the prevailing west wind, NO2 concentration at ground level exceeded the allowable limits in most of the months. The populated areas around the plant will be affected by NO2 emissions in case of south and north wind.

In order to decrease the effect of burning process on air quality, it is recommended to increase the stack height, conduct continuous monitoring of emissions and weather conditions, and /or stopping one of the production lines for 14 days/ year during the stable conditions only.


Keywords


Air Pollution, Gaussian Model, Cement Plants, Waste Oils, Recycle, Jordan.

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