The Effectiveness of Reality Therapy in Developing Social Skills and Adjusting Locus of Control among Children at Risk

Ahmad A. Al-Smadi, Belal M. Al-Khaza'li

Abstract


This study aimed at examining the effect of a group counseling program relying upon reality therapy in developing social skills and adjusting locus of control among children at risk. The study attempted to answer the following questions:
1. What is the effect of the reality therapy group counseling program in developing social skills and adjusting locus of control?
2. Is there an interaction effect between sample age and the counseling program with regard to developing social skills and adjusting locus of control?
The researchers used the social skills scale and Rotor's locus of control scale. The sample consisted of sixty children at risk from both age groups (12 – 15 years) and (16 – 18 years), all of them were male children. The sample was randomly assigned into two groups; experimental and control. Both groups were divided into two subgroups according to their age, every subgroup contained (15) children. The experimental group received the reality therapy counseling program while the control group didn't. The group counseling program was conducted through (14) sessions. Using 2-WAY ANOVA, the results showed that there were effects of the reality group counseling program in developing social skills and adjusting locus of control. The children became of internal locus of control. The results also showed no interaction between sample age and the counseling program in terms of developing social skills and adjusting the locus of control.

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