Aquarium effective strategy in the development of inferential thinking among students in the ninth grade history Jordan

Myassar H. Aoudat


This study aims to recognize the effectiveness of fishbowl strategy in development of ninth grade students' indicative thinking in history in Jordan. Semi empirical approach has been used in this study and indicative thinking test was structured to pre and post data collecting. The sample of the study consists of (128) students (male & female), the sample was divided into two group (control and experimental) the tests has been concluded using SPSS for statistical analyses. The results of the study reveal poor degree of indicative thinking into ninth grade students in history, equivalency has been found between control group and experimental group in pre-measurement according to gender variable and interaction between them, there are statistical significant differences in the effectiveness of fishbowl strategy in development of indicative thinking according to group variable on statistical significant level(o.o5 ≥ α) in favor of experimental group, there are no statistical significant differences due to gender and interaction between them. The researcher suggests many recommendations which are: history curricula should be developed and contained a new instructional strategy to develop indicative thinking, also the researcher suggest to the need of performing training sessions specialized in developing indicative thinking skills for both teachers and students.


Aquarium strategy, inferential thinking, students in the ninth grade, history curricula.


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