Effects of Some Variables on Household Water Demand in Jordan

Abdul Fattah Al-Kadi, Wafa Al-Jouhari


The water demand in Jordan is more than the available supply. Water demand for household consumption was estimated to be 27% out of the water uses.

This study aimed to determine the effects of some variables on the household water consumption in Jordan.

6009 selected households were used for the estimation, the “Stepwise Regression” analysis model was selected as a proper specification for the analysis.

The study proved that the household demand for water is increasing while water supply is decreasing. This means that the increasing demand in the household water is at the expense of agriculture. 

The study resulted in finding the most important factors affecting the household water consumption. These factors were: the income, the household size, and the bill value.

Consumption per capita increases as the bill value and income increase; whereas it decreases with the size of the household.

The expenditure elasticity for water was estimated to be less than one, but it increased with the increasing water consumption, while the income elasticity was estimated to be less than one, but it decreased with the increasing water consumption. Some other factors affecting household water supply were identified such as: the population growth and the rainfall deficit.

الكلمات المفتاحية

Per Capita Consumption of Water, Water Supply, Expenditure Elasticity of Water, Income Elasticity of Water

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