Effect of Subsurface Amendments and Drip Irrigation on Tomato Growth (Research Note)

A. M. Al-Omran, A. S. Sheta, A. M. Falatah, A. R. Al-Harbi


The management that increases yield and reduces excessive amount of water is a priority for agriculture development in arid and semi-arid regions. This research investigated the effectiveness of previously subsurface placement (25 cm) of the clay deposits and drip irrigation on tomato yield, Water Use Efficiency (WUE), soil moisture and salt distribution in the root zone. A calcareous sandy soil had a subsurface amendments and surface and subsurface drip irrigation applied  for one year and planted with squash crop prior to seedling tomato. The field experimental site, randomization and consequent location of each treatment, the replication was the same for the tomato experiment. The clay deposits were collected from western (Khulays) and central (Dhruma and Rawdat) regions of Saudi Arabia. Surface and subsurface drip irrigation were used at rates ranging from 234 mm(T1) to 564.5 mm(T4). The results clearly reveal that nutrients levels in all the experimental plots were quite variable depending on the amendments type, rate of application and the irrigation systems. The decline available nutrients suggests that the higher nutrients removal by previous squash cultivation may have led to a decline in added and indigenous nutrient supply. Results show that tomato fruit yield and WUE were significantly affected by amendments rates and type and also by irrigation amounts and system. The soil moisture contents of subsurface drip irrigated layer increased dramatically, while salts accumulated at the surface away from the emitters of subsurface drip irrigation. 

الكلمات المفتاحية

Drip irrigation, clay deposit, tomato yield, sandy calcareous soils, water use efficiency

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