The Effects of Transactional and Transformational Leadership on Acquisition of Critical Thinking of Employees in Jordanian Hospitals

Ibtesam A. Dmour, Mohammad S. Abu Saleh, Abdulsattar M. Al-Ali


This study aimed at examining the impact of transactional and transformational leadership styles as independent variables on acquisition of critical thinking skills as dependent variable. Independent variables consisted of (7) dimensions: (management by exception, contingent reward, idealized influence (attributed), idealized influence. (behavior), individualized consideration, inspirational motivation, and intellectual stimulation). Dependent variable critical thinking skills are: (analysis, evaluation, inference, explanation, and self-regulation). The dependent variable consists of the following dispositions: (inquisitiveness, open-mindedness, analytical, systematic, maturity, truth-seeking, confidence in reasoning).
Also, the study aimed at examining significant differences in acquisition of critical thinking skills due to hospital type, gender, education, training, specialization, position, principal experiences.
In order to achieve the objectives of the study two highly reliable and valid instruments, the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) Leader Form (Bass and Avolio, 1995,1996), and Professional Judgment Rating Scale (Facione et al., 1998), were used. Random simple sample selected from manager's Jordanian hospitals, consisted of (55) managers.
The results of regression tests revealed that there is positive impact of transformational leadership style on acquisition of critical thinking skills to employees in Jordanian hospitals, superficial impact was found due to transactional leadership style and negative impact of organizational dimension culture there was not a significance.


Critical Thinking, Acquisition Skills, Leadership Styles

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